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Research Help: Copyright & Plagiarism

What is Plagiarism?

Definition: "Plagiarism is the act of presenting another person’s work (including ideas, writing, conversation, song, and words) as your own. When using another person’s work, even when paraphrasing, you must acknowledge it fully and appropriately, unless the information is common knowledge." (from StudentGuide.org).

The consequences of plagiarism can be very serious. Your education institution can make you re-do the assignment, they can reduce your grade or fail you for the assignment completely. You can even be charged with academic misconduct and be expelled. Academic misconduct on your record can cause problems after you graduate and are looking for employment. 

To avoid plagiarism, you must acknowledge sources when:

  • You are quoting someone else's words (make sure to use quotation marks as well!)
  • You are paraphrasing/summarising someone else's words.
  • You are using someone else's ideas or concepts.
  • If it is common knowledge or you own thoughts - you do not need to reference.

"Generally speaking, you can regard something as common knowledge if you find the same information undocumented in at least five credible sources. Additionally, it might be common knowledge if you think the information you're presenting is something your readers will already know, or something that a person could easily find in general reference sources. But when in doubt, cite; if the citation turns out to be unnecessary, your teacher or editor will tell you." (from Purdue OWL)

 See our page on how to reference properly here!

Turnitin

MacRob subscribes to a service called 'Turnitin' - you may be asked to submit your work through this system. Many universities also use Turnitin to check for plagiarism.

When you upload your work to Turnitin, it is compared against the world's largest academic database. It then shows how much of your submission matches content from the database, and thus how much is your original work and how much has been copied - with or without correct citation. This unoriginal content is highlighted and colour coded, and given as a percentage. This enables your teachers to see whether you have plagiarised your work.

turn it in screenshot

Useful Websites

Plagiarism vs Copyright

Difference between Plagiarism and copyright

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Plagiarism_vs_Copyright_Infringement.png

Creative Commons

How Does Copyright Work?

Breaching copyright is illegal. If you copy and paste text, images or sounds into an assignment or presentation without proper permission you may be breaking copyright law. This has consequences that reach outside of your school or university.

To avoid breaking copyright rules, you can use content that is under a Creative Commons license. This allows you to share, reuse and remix material legally. 

There are six different types of creative commons licenses, but all of them still require that you attribute the work of the author. Read the fact sheet below for information on these licenses.

We have also provided a list of resources for you to get free creative commons multimedia to use in your presentations and assignments here.

Created by Michelle De Aizpurua