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Research Help: Home

The Stages of Research

process cycle

Researching - The Information Skills Process

Steps in the process:

  • What is my purpose?
  • Why do I need to find this out?
  • What are the key words and ideas of the task?
  • What do I need to do?

CHECKLIST

"In completing the research project I have":

  • understood the criteria and the requirement of the project 
  • brainstormed the topic
  • selected keywords
  • listed the points that need covering
  • created a concept map and identified the links between various aspects of the topic
  • used De Bono’s Six Hats to arrive at creative solutions
  • created focus question – sub headings
  • created and followed a schedule set out in a timeline
  • asked questions
  • considered availability of resources
  • type of research process required survey/ interview/ literature review /experiment/ qualitative/quantitative /meta-analysis
Make sure to use the Library Catalogue or databases to search for your resources!
For info on web search and using Google have a look at this page.

Need help with the catalogue? Just read our FAQ page.

Steps in the process:

  • What do I already know?
  • What do I still need to find out?
  • What sources and equipment can I use?

CHECKLIST

"In completing the research project I have":

  • considered a variety of  resources
    • reference books /encyclopedia/ dictionary/ almanacs/ atlas /directory 
    • non fiction books /general books which have a section on the topic/ specific books on the topic/text books
    • periodical and newspaper articles / editorial/ feature story 
    • electronic databases such as the Australian New Zealand Reference Centre
    • Internet / search engines / URL’s containing uni. gov. edu. org. au
    • AV/ documentaries, podcasts
    • people / organizations/ experts/ interviews/ surveys/observation
  • used search tools to locate information – catalogue, keyword search, Boolean search, reference desk, index / contents page/ asking clearly defined question 
If you are using websites in your research, make sure to evaluate the information on them using our tips on this page!

 

Steps in the process:

  • What information can I leave out?
  • How relevant is the information I have found?
  • How credible is the information I have found?
  • How will I record the information I need?

CHECKLIST

"In completing the research project I have selected":

  • reliable resources
    •  authoritative/current/ bias and purpose identified 
  • resources appropriate to the project
    • covers the topic in appropriate depth and breath
    • provides the required type of information for project - fact/ opinion/ primary/ secondary / visuals / audio/ quotes/ statistics/ graphs /surveys

Steps in the process:

  • Have I enough information for my purpose?
  • Do I need to use all this information?
  • How can I best combine information from different sources?

CHECKLIST

"In completing the research project I have":

  • sorted information into categories
  • taken notes in own words
  • quoted accurately
  • accurately taken bibliographic details  
  • drafted and edited ensuring information was relevant to the original question/ criteria
Make sure to check our info on citation and referencing here! 
And writing and presentation tips here!

 

Steps in the process:

  • What will I do with this information?
  • With whom will I share this information?

CHECKLIST

"In completing the research project I have":

  • considered the purpose of the presentation – to educate/entertain/persuade
  • considered the audience – age/existing knowledge/culture/special needs
  • communicated using the most appropriate medium for the task and audience/webpage/powerpoint.
  • Presented information concisely and accurately
  • presented information in an appropriate form /essay /report/narrative/submission
  • taken into account different learning styles/visual/auditory/kinesthetic…
  • included reference / bibliography

Steps in the process:

  • Did I fulfill my purpose?
  • How did I go - with each step of the information process?
  • How did I go - presenting the information?
  • Where do I go from here?

CHECKLIST

"In completing the research project I have":

  • analyzed how effectively each stage of the research process was conducted
  • identified research skills needing improvement
  • analyzed how effective the final product was in meeting the set task / criteria
  • considered the limitations of the research  methodology
  • considered the quality and validity of the information gathered
  • taken into consideration feedback from teacher/audience
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Learn to Use the Catalogue

Step-by-Step Research Guides

For a brilliant detailed description of research techniques and tips go to the State Library of Victoria's website on Research Skills. They have a section for each part of the process. And make sure to check the right hand side panel for additional resources with great extra links!

slv research skills screenshot

Another great step-by-step guide is The Research Safari website. Not only does this site provide information on how to work through each step of the research process, it also offers great tools to achieve the WOW factor! It has graphic organisers and mindmapping tools, information on using Google and copyright, and a huge list of tools for presenting all your information - like cartoon makers, infographics, podcasts and more!

research safari screenshot

Quick Research Links

Go to the Databases Page for detailed information about each database and how to use them.

Or simply choose a database from the dropdown menu.

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Created by Michelle De Aizpurua